How are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes different?


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Diabetes is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. Not exempt even in Thailand Which found the death rate from diabetes increased every year International Diabetes Federation (The International Diabetes Federation: IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have designated November 14 each year as World Diabetes Day to raise awareness of people around the world on diabetes prevention.

However, even with a disease that has a high mortality rate. But most people may still misunderstand that Causes of Diabetes Is to eat sweet Or eat only sugar But in fact The causes of diabetes are numerous. Depending on the type of diabetes Which, of course, is more Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes

Generally We can classify diabetes according to 4 types of causes:

Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes with a specific cause
Gestational diabetes

The type of diabetes that most people often confuse is Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, although they are chronically high blood sugar levels are the same. But there are different causes, symptoms, and treatments. We should therefore understand the difference. Between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes to be more accurate In order to be copeed and treated as possible as possible. Hello, the doctor will take you all readers to get to know the differences between each type of diabetes

Get to know Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is classified as an autoimmune disease, which refers to สมัครสล็อต an abnormality in the body's immune system. Destroys normal tissues of the body In the case of type 1 diabetes, this is caused by the immune system destroying the beta cells in the pancreas, which make insulin. Until the body is unable to produce insulin that controls blood sugar (Blood Glucose Level) normally.It also causes acidosis caused by ketone acidosis. This can cause life-threatening diabetes and type 1 diabetes patients need to inject insulin into the body. On a regular basis In order to avoid high blood sugar levels and excessive ketone acidosis.

Get to know type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in Thai people. Caused by the body's inability to produce enough insulin to meet the needs Or can respond to insulin less than normal, known as insulin resistance (Insulin Resistance) can not control blood sugar levels. Resulting in high blood sugar levels Until diabetes

General differences of Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus Type 1) is most commonly seen in children and adolescents. It was most common in the ages 4-7 and 10-14 years, not related to weight. Or lifestyle Most of the time, people are diagnosed with acidosis. From kecone congestion Treatment with insulin injections Or insulin pump If not using insulin Will not control the symptoms of the disease Type 1 diabetes doesn't have a way to prevent it.Type 2 diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus Type 2) is most commonly seen in people aged 30 years and older, who are overweight, obese, or at risk of diabetes. (Prediabetes) is a slightly higher blood sugar than normal, this group has an increased risk. If someone in the family has type 2 diabetes, the increased risk is greater.

Those who do not exercise Or have metabolic syndrome There will be an increased risk. Most patients Often detected high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol levels. Or some people may experience both of these conditions Often without symptoms So most patients are unaware that they have type 2 diabetes.Most if still in the early stages And blood sugar levels are not very high Can be treated without medication It can prevent, delay, or control symptoms by modifying behaviors such as regular exercise. Eat healthy food Some patients may stop taking diabetes drugs. If you control sugar levels well